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Backgammon is a board game of luck and acquired skill. It is known as the oldest recorded game in history. His roots originated thousands of years BC. The ancient Greeks played it and so did the Romans, the Persians, the Sumerians and the Egyptians. Back than, it was typically played by both aristocrats as well as the common people, on surfaces like wood, using stones as markers, and dice which were made from stones, pottery, wood and even bones. The church didn’t approve of the game and unsuccessfully tried to forbid it. A set of rules for the game played at that time was found on some cuneiform tablet dated at about 177BC in the royal tomb of the Ur al Chaldees. The rules of Backgammon have been modified many times in history, creating different new variations of the game. The evolution of Backgammon went through changes that contributed to the game as being played today. It was modernized in England in the seventeenth century and That’s when it was given the name Backgammon Today Backgammon made its way to becoming one of the most popular games in the world. Its most common name is backgammon but is called many other names in different cultures: Turkish – tavla Greek – tavli Arabic -tawla French – tric trac Hebrew – shesh- besh